I. THE AUTHOR: LUKE
1. A GENTILE…The only Gentile to be used to pen a Book in the New Testament
2. A PHYSICIAN…(Colossians 4:14)…Paul’s personal physician that he dearly loved
3. A COMPANION … Luke was Paul’s companion on his Missionary Trips…”WE” sections in Acts:16:10-17; 20:6; 21:18; 27:1; 28:16. Joined Paul at Troas, ACTS 16:10…the change from “they” to “we”. Was with Paul to his end. (2 Timothy 4:11).
4. AN AUTHOR… Luke penned the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts. Only Paul penned more of the New Testament.
II.THE AUDIENCE: (1:4…Theophilus)
1. HIS NAME…Theophilus – “Lover of God” “Friend of God” “Dear to God”
2. HIS NOBILITY…Most Excellent – (A Roman Official) used of Claudius Lysias in Acts 23:26; Felix in Acts 24:3; Festus in Acts 26:25. Like saying “Your Honor” to a Judge.
3. HIS NEWNESS…(1:4…instructed…taught…”catechumen-someone who is being taught the basics of Christianity” Theophilus was a fairly new Christian undergoing a New Member’s Course in the Scriptures.
III.THE AIM: (1:3,4)
1. A COMPREHENSIVE ACCOUNT…To give a Comprehensive account of the story of Jesus.
A. Luke is the longest of the Gospels
B. Luke gives us the Songs of Christmas
C. Luke gives the longest account of the Virgin Birth of Jesus
D. Luke gives us 20 miracles, 6 of them are recorded in no other Gospel
E. Luke gives us 23 parables, and 18 of them are in no other Gospel
(Prodigal Son, Good Samaritan)
F. Luke is the only Gospel to record the walk to Emmaus of our resurrected Lord (24:13-32)
G. Luke speaks of Jesus’ humanity and His concern for the suffering, women (abused and
mistreated, helpless), sinners, and the rejected by society.
2. A CONSECUTIVE ACCOUNT…(in order 1:3)
3. A CERTAIN ACCOUNT…(from the very first 1:3…”from above”…John 3:31;James 1:17…certainty)
Theophilus had been studying Biographies of Jesus, now he had Jesus’ Autobiography
4. A CONFIRMING ACCOUNT…(1:1,2; certainty…1:3)
The writings of others that Theophilus had been reading and studying were not complete, and even though they were told by eye witnesses, those accounts would have been told from the persons angle. Five witnesses to a car wreck will give you five different accounts, depending on their vantage point. As a matter of fact the Police are always suspicious of two people who give an exact account of the same event, but these partial and differing accounts may have caused confusion in the mind of Theophilus. Luke wanted him to have a Complete, Consecutive, Certain account of Jesus’ Life, a divinely inspired account.
1. THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF JOHN’S BIRTH (Luke 1:5-25)
Here is where Luke’s story of Jesus begins (1:2…from the beginning)
A. A Godless Society ( …in the days of Herod…1:5)
1. Politically (…in the days of Herod…1:5)
2. Religiously (Malachi was the last interaction of the Lord with His people. 400 years earlier)
B. A Childless Family (…had no child…1:7)
C. A Committed Family (…both righteous before God…1:6)
D. A Child’s Future (1:13-25; 57-80)
1. Filled with the Spirit (1:15)
2. Forerunner to the Savior (1:17)
E. A Promise Fulfilled (1:67-80)
2. THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF JESUS’ BIRTH (Luke 1:26-56)
A. A Virgin Mother (1:27)
1. How she would conceive (1:31,35)
2. Who she would conceive (1:31-33)
B. A Valiant Mother (1:38)
C. A Visiting Mother (1:39-45)
D. A Vocal Mother (1:46-56)